Spine Conditions

Congenital Spine Disorders

Congenital spine disorders are abnormalities that occur during fetal development, leading to malformations of the spine. These disorders can range from mild to severe, and may cause varying degrees of spinal deformity, neurological deficits, and other health complications. Congenital spine disorders affect about 1 in 1,000 live births.


The symptoms of congenital spine disorders vary widely depending on the type and severity of the malformation. Some common symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal curvature of the spine (scoliosis or kyphosis)
  • Uneven shoulder or hip height
  • Limited mobility
  • Difficulty walking or standing for long periods of time
  • Back pain
  • Tingling or numbness in the arms or legs
  • Weakness or paralysis in the arms or legs
  • Bowel or bladder problems
  • Breathing difficulties



Congenital spine disorders are caused by genetic and environmental factors that disrupt normal fetal spine development. Some common causes of these disorders include:

  • Genetic mutations or chromosomal abnormalities
  • Maternal infections during pregnancy
  • Maternal use of certain medications or drugs during pregnancy
  • Exposure to toxins or radiation during pregnancy
  • Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy

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