Spine Conditions

Herniated Disc

A herniated disc, also known as a slipped or ruptured disk, is a common spinal condition that occurs when the soft, jelly-like material inside the spinal disk pushes out through a tear in the outer layer of the disc. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area. Herniated discs can occur anywhere along the spine, but are most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) and neck (cervical spine).


The symptoms of a herniated disc can vary depending on the location of the herniation and the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain in the affected area, such as the lower back, neck, or legs
  • Numbness or tingling in the affected area
  • Weakness in the affected area
  • Muscle spasms
  • Shooting pain that radiates down the leg (in the case of a herniated disc in the lower back)



A herniated disc can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Age-related wear and tear on the spine
  • Improper lifting or twisting of the spine
  • Repetitive strain on the spine, such as from sitting for extended periods of time or engaging in certain physical activities
  • Trauma to the spine, such as from a fall or car accident

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