Spine Conditions

Spine Deformity

Spine deformity refers to an abnormal curvature of the spine, which can be congenital or acquired. It can occur in any part of the spine, including the cervical (neck), thoracic (mid-back), or lumbar (lower back) regions. Common types of spine deformities include scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis. Spine deformity can cause discomfort, pain, and difficulty with movement and posture.


The symptoms of spine deformity can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

  • Abnormal curvature of the spine
  • Uneven shoulders, hips or waist
  • Difficulty with movement and posture
  • Pain or discomfort in the back or neck
  • Fatigue or weakness in the muscles of the back
  • Breathing difficulties in severe cases



Spine deformity can be congenital, meaning it is present at birth, or acquired, meaning it develops later in life. Some common causes of spine deformity include:

  • Congenital abnormalities or genetic conditions that affect the development of the spine
  • Neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida
  • Trauma or injury to the spine
  • Degenerative conditions such as osteoporosis, arthritis or disc degeneration
  • Poor posture or habits that place strain on the spine

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